connecting to the networkThis section deals with setting up a Network Interface Card (NIC) and making it work with FreeBSD. With a working NIC, your computer can communicate with other computers on a network.
Matching hardware and softwareIn order for the software to use the hardware, it must know something about it. For a NIC, this means that the IRQ and IO address must match what FreeBSD will be looking for. If they don’t match, either FreeBSD should be modified or the NIC should be modified.
Modifying the NICTo change the IRQ or IO address on NIC will involve either some jumpers and/or switches or a floppy disk. The easy way is a floppy disk. Just insert that disk and reboot your machine. Normally this requires a DOS bootable disk, but you should be able to find one. These programs are usually easy to run.
Modifying FreeBSDIf you know what the settings of your NIC, it is fairly simple to change the FreeBSD settings. At the reboot prompt, enter -c. After the boot finishes, use the visual option to view and change the settings of your system.
Configure the interfaceIn this page, we’ll refer to ed0 which is an NE2000 compatible device. FreeBSD normally expects this card to be configured with IRQ 10 and base address of 0x280. What I prefer to do is set the card to match this. I will now assume that you have configured hardware to match the software (or vice versa, whatever).
The first step is to inet the card. Do this by issuing:
ifconfig ed0 inet <ip> <mask>
where <ip> is the IP address you wish to assign to this NIC and <mask> is the mask you wish to use.
Testing the interfaceThe first test is:
You should see something like:
PING 127.0.0.1 (127.0.0.0): 56 data bytes 64 bytes from 127.0.0.1: icmpseq=0 ttl=255 time=0.819s 64 bytes from 127.0.0.1: icmpseq=1 ttl=255 time=0.586s 64 bytes from 127.0.0.1: icmpseq=2 ttl=255 time=0.554s 64 bytes from 127.0.0.1: icmpseq=2 ttl=255 time=0.549s ^C --- 127.0.0.1 ping statistics --- 4 packets transmitted, 4 packets received, 0% packet loss round-trip min/avg/max/std-dev = 0.549/0.627/0.819/0.112ms
PING will continue to run until you interrupt it, as I did using CTRL-C.
This address should work on all machine and it represents the local host. If this doesn’t work, I have no suggestions.
The next test will ensure that the system can find the correct IP.
where <ip> is the IP address you specified during the ifconfig above. If you’ve forgotten the IP, issue ifconfig -a and use the address you find there. You should see something similar to the previous results, but with different numbers.
The last test is to ping something else on your network. Ping an IP address, which you know exists, and ping that one. If that doesn’t work, but the others do, seek help. Sorry, but I can’t help you more than that.
Error messagesThis section contains the error messages which I encountered when setting my ed0 and the solutions I found that worked.
no route to hostIf you receive the message "ping: sendto: no route to host", then my first guess is that ipfw is running and it is specifying that you aren’t allowed to send to that host. If you issue ipfw list and you get a list of the ipfw rules, I will assume you are attempting to run a firewall. If this is the case, then for our testing, try an open firewall:
sh /etc/rc.firewall open
then try the test again.