upload files via httpThis article talks about how I installed a script which allows you to upload files to a web server via http.
NOTE: This article contains references to terminalp.com which is no longer registered.
Why bother with http?Why would anyone bother with http when there is a perfectly good ftp? I agree. But we don’t live in a perfect world. My preference for file transfers is ftp. You may recall that I was installing an ftp server. It was anticipted that people would be at sites which did not permit ftp through the firewall. We avoided this problem by using http instead. Most sites allow people to use web browsers.
The scriptI obtained the script from http://www.cgi-resources.com/Programs_and_Scripts/Perl/ based on the recommendation of Paul Kennett. From that website, under the File Uploading section, I chose the File Upload! (http://www.terminalp.com/scripts/file_upload.shtml) script by Jeff Carnahan (http://www.terminalp.com/). I found it easy to configure. This script will work with Netscape Navigator 2.0 or later and with MS Internet Explorer if you have the upgrade. Details are in the README supplied with the script.
I do not kow if this script works with non Netscape/Internet Explorer browsers.
Installation and configurationI will assume you have a standard apache installation. If you don’t, then you should be clever enough to figure how my instructions should be modified to suit your needs. However, If you aren’t, then perhaps you should have used the default apache configuration.
I first downloaded http://www.terminalp.com/scripts/downloads/File_Upload-6.00.tar.gz from Jeff’s website to /usr/local/file-upload (you can use whatever directory you prefer). NOTE: If you can’t access Jeff’s site, I have the tarball on my website at File_Upload-6.00.tar.gz.
Then I unzipped the file:
[root@fred:/usr/local/file-upload] # tar xvfz File_Upload-6.00.tar.gz file-upload.cgi README upload.html
This file contains three files:
file-upload.cgi script which uploads files README instructions for use upload.html the web page which calls the cgi script
I followed the instructions in README. So should you. Be warned. Read that file. Go do it now. Stop reading this. Go. Be gone. You shouldn’t be blindly following my instructions without understanding what they do. Why, I could be telling you to give a logon on your box and you wouldn’t know the difference. So go read the instructions. Now.
After reading the instructions, I copied the script to the appropriate location:
cp file-upload.cgi /usr/local/www/cgi-bin
Then I modifed the first line of this file to contain:
Then I changed the following lines within the script so they appeared as shown:
$SAVE_DIRECTORY = "/usr/local/www/data/upload"; $ALLOW_INDEX = 1
The first item specifies the upload location. The second item allows filenames which start with "index". You should carefully consider that last item. Read the script for details.
Remember to make the cgi script executable:
chmod 755 ./file-upload.cgi
It should look something like this:
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root wheel 13298 Nov 15 14:21 file-upload.cgi
The permissions bit is the important part.
Create the upload directory as specified in the SAVE_DIRECTORY item above:
mkdir /usr/local/www/data/upload chmod 777 /usr/local/www/data/upload
A sample upload web page is supplied with the script. I copied this to my webpage as well:
cp upload.html /usr/local/www/data
Testing the scriptThen I opened my browser and went to the webpage upload.html. I selected a file to upload, and clicked on the "Upload File(s)" button. And I got this:
Not Found The requested URL /cgi-bin/upload.cgi was not found on this server.
That’s not very nice. So I renamed the script:
cd /usr/local/www/cgi-bin mv file-upload.cgi upload.cgi
This time, the file upload worked.