ZFS: promote – for getting rid of snapshots, but not the dataWhen I built the Kraken ZFS file server, I used a snapshot to copy the data over. Those snapshots are still hanging around. I’d like to get rid of them. I can do that with zfs promote. This article documents how I did that.
The backgroundI have a few snaphots here?
$ zfs list -t snapshot NAME USED AVAIL REFER MOUNTPOINT storage/Retored@2010.07.27 706G - 3.11T - storage/Retored@2010.07.28 264K - 2.42T -Those snapshots were used with zfs send and zfs receive to copy the files from the original ZFS system to the new one. Now that array is solid and stable, the snapshots are still around but now longer needed. My goal is to get rid of them. On a side note, I am annoyed by this inconsistency in free space:
$ zpool list NAME SIZE USED AVAIL CAP HEALTH ALTROOT storage 12.7T 7.28T 5.41T 57% ONLINE -According to this, I have 3.7T available:
$ df -h | grep stora storage 3.7T 1.7G 3.7T 0% /storage storage/Retored 3.7T 39K 3.7T 0% /storage/Retored storage/bacula 8.0T 4.3T 3.7T 54% /storage/bacula storage/pgsql 3.7T 5.5G 3.7T 0% /storage/pgsqlWhich is correct?
But back to the promotion. From man zfs:
zfs promote clone-filesystem Promotes a clone file system to no longer be dependent on its "ori- gin" snapshot. This makes it possible to destroy the file system that the clone was created from. The clone parent-child dependency relationship is reversed, so that the origin file system becomes a clone of the specified file system. The snapshot that was cloned, and any snapshots previous to this snapshot, are now owned by the promoted clone. The space they use moves from the origin file system to the promoted clone, so enough space must be available to accommodate these snapshots. No new space is consumed by this operation, but the space accounting is adjusted. The promoted clone must not have any conflicting snapshot names of its own. The rename subcommand can be used to rename any conflicting snapshots.
The dirty workIf I try to remove this snapshot, I get told that it forms the basis for another filesystem:
$ zfs destroy storage/Retored@2010.07.28 cannot destroy 'storage/Retored@2010.07.28': snapshot has dependent clones use '-R' to destroy the following datasets: storage/baculaThus, what I want to try is promoting storage/bacula.
$ sudo zfs promote storage/bacula Password: $That took about 10 seconds. Now look at my snapshots:
$ zfs list -t snapshot NAME USED AVAIL REFER MOUNTPOINT firstname.lastname@example.org 706G - 3.11T - email@example.com 218K - 2.42T -As you can see, the snapshots are now storage/bacula@ whereas they were storage/Retored@. Now let’s delete a snapshot:
$ sudo zfs destroy firstname.lastname@example.org Password:That took about a minute. Now let’s check our space:
$ zpool list NAME SIZE USED AVAIL CAP HEALTH ALTROOT storage 12.7T 6.31T 6.38T 49% ONLINE -OK, now delete the next snapshot:
$ sudo zfs destroy email@example.com cannot destroy 'firstname.lastname@example.org': snapshot has dependent clones use '-R' to destroy the following datasets: storage/RetoredThat dataset does not contain any data:
$ ls -l /storage/Retored total 0So I think I’m safe in just destroying that dataset and then removing that snapshot. But I haven’t tried that yet.